Efficacy of Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy Counselling on Adjustment of Social Isolates among Junior Secondary School Students


  • Esther E. Enajedu, PhD School of Foundation and General Studies
  • Damian C. Ncheke, PhD Department of Educational Foundations
  • Sunday S. Umah, PhD Department of Educational Psychology


Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy, Adjustment of Social Isolates



The study investigated the efficacy of Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy Counselling on adjustment of social isolates among junior secondary school students. The need for the study came as a result of the increasing rate of social isolates among students to which the researchers sought to find solutions. P-test post-test randomized control trial experimental design was adopted by the researchers for the study. Sixty four (64) secondary school students who were drawn through proportionate stratified randomly sampling technique constituted the sample for the study. The students were randomly assigned to experimental (34) and (30) groups. Social Isolates Assessment Scale of Social Isolates (SIASS) and Adjustment Scale of Social Isolates (ASSI) were used for data collection. SIASS and ASSI were properly validated by experts in the test development and the internal consistency reliability indices of the items estimated as 0.77 and 0.82 respectively using Cronbach Alpha method. Before the commencement of the testing and treatment package, the researchers assured the participants of confidentiality of interactions and personal information as they work together in self-disclosure. Thereafter, pre-treatment assessment (pre-test) was conducted using the SIASS and ASSI in order to collect baseline data (Time I). After that, the experimental group was exposed to 90 minutes of the REBT program twice a week for a period of 6-weeks. The treatment took place between September and November 2019. Post-test (Time 2) assessment was conducted 1 week after the last treatment session. Besides, a follow-up assessment was conducted after two months of the treatment (Time 3). Data collected were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance. The findings of the study revealed that the efficacy of rational emotive behavioural therapy on the adjustment of social isolates undergraduate students was significant at post-test and follow-up measures. One of the implications of the findings is that if secondary school students are not properly counseled, their social isolates behaviour will continue to increase. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that Federal Government or relevant education authorities should provide enough guidance counsellors in the various institutions of learning who will assist in the counselling of the students in the dangers of social isolate behaviour using REBT.

Author Biographies

Esther E. Enajedu, PhD, School of Foundation and General Studies

Delta State School of Marine Technology, Nigeria

Damian C. Ncheke, PhD, Department of Educational Foundations

University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Sunday S. Umah, PhD, Department of Educational Psychology

Peace Land College of Education Enugu



How to Cite

Enajedu, E., Ncheke, D. C. ., & Umah, . S. S. . (2020). Efficacy of Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy Counselling on Adjustment of Social Isolates among Junior Secondary School Students. International Scholars Journal of Arts and Social Science Research, 3(2), 159–173. Retrieved from https://www.theinterscholar.org/journals/index.php/isjassr/article/view/90



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