Forced Displacement and its Impact on Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in North-Eastern Nigeria
Keywords:North-Eastern Nigeria, Boko-Haram, Insurgency, , Forced Displacement, Displaced Persons (IDPs).
This article explores impact of forced displacement on internally displaced persons (IDPs) in north-eastern Nigeria. Forced displacement involves the involuntary movement of people from their habitual place of residence to a location within their country of nationality. The situation exposed the displaced people to some level or degree of vulnerability. Since 2009, the Boko-Haram (BH) insurgency and the counter-insurgency by the government forces have turned north-eastern Nigeria into a conflict zone. The violence has forced more than 2 million people to flee for safety within Nigeria as IDPs. The paper employs qualitative research methodology. Data are gathered from mainly secondary and tertiary sources. From the findings, the IDPs in north-eastern Nigeria are facing critical problems due to lack of a clear national policy, institutional, and legal frameworks to arrest forced displacement. Thus, it is recommended that, the legally backed national policy on IDPs and initiatives be strengthened. Lastly, the rule of engagement between the Government and the international humanitarian agencies be succinctly defined.
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