Boko Haram Insurgency and its Implications on National Integration in Nigeria
Issues bordering on national integration are very critical for the collective interest of any nation. History has demonstrated the difficult, complex and varied developments needed to integrate people under a government and to create a stable cultural, economic, political, and social community among them. The process is even more strenuous especially where the people to be integrated comprise large groups distinguished by their own customs, language, religion, or separate identity. The phenomenon of militancy is not new to Nigeria. The history of past independent Nigeria is replete with cases of militarised groups threatening the very existence of the Nigerian state. The emergence of the militant sect, Boko Haram and all it represents started like any other protest, but it seems to have been the most enigmatic in terms of raison d’e’tre, the most violent in terms of modus operandi and the most destructive. It is arguably second to none in terms of brutality, savagery, wanton destruction, callousness and its scope of operation. It is on this background that this work examines the historical evolution of Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria. The paper also highlights the instances of Boko Haram activities in Nigeria. The study also evaluates, the implications of Boko Haram activities on national integration. Finally, the paper proffers solution by way of recommendation to this ugly phenomenon and thereafter. This work adopts diverse secondary sources such as books, journal articles, newspapers, magazines, internet sources and unpublished works using analytical and thematic approaches. Data obtained from secondary sources formed the bulk of this research’s tool of assessment.
Keywords: Boko Haram, Insurgency, National Integration, Nigeria.